Pond Management Takes Planning

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Spring is here, the weather is getting warmer and weeds are ready to show their face in recreational ponds in Davie County. Weeds are a natural part of the landscape whether yards, fields, pastures or ponds. The ecosystem of a pond is usually stable, but fluctuations from weed overload or errors in controlling weeds can upset the balance of a pond and cause major problems.

Weed control is a lot like going to the doctor when you are sick. The doctor must know what is wrong before prescribing treatment. Same with weeds. There is no one product that cures every weed so we need to know which weeds we are dealing with. This helps you to get quicker more efficient control that can save you money.

When planning a weed control program you need to start early. Keep a check on your pond for changes in weed population, water color or fish activity that might need to be addressed. When you spot weeds or algae, the next step in control is to get a positive identification of the weed. If you are unsure, contact the Extension Office for assistance in identification.

Once the weed is identified, the proper control method can be selected (mechanical, biological, chemical) and the weeds can be treated according to proper protocol. When you treat at the right time, stage of growth, rate of product, etc., most weeds can be effectively controlled.

Small changes can disrupt the ecosystem of a pond. Improper treatment practices can lead to an imbalance of oxygen, harm beneficial plants, environmental issues, fish kills and more. Proper management and weed control practices are imperative to maintain a healthy pond and keep the surrounding environment healthy as well.

For more information on recreational pond management, contact N.C. Cooperative Extension, Davie County Center at 336-753-6100.